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Archives are generally grouped by month of Main Page appearance. (Currently, DYK hooks are archived according to the date and time that they were taken off the Main Page.) To find which archive contains the fact that appeared on Did you know, go to article's talk page and follow the archive link in the DYK talk page message box.
- 1 Did you know...
- 1.1 21 October 2019
- 1.2 20 October 2019
- 1.3 19 October 2019
- 1.4 18 October 2019
- 1.5 17 October 2019
- 1.6 16 October 2019
- 1.7 15 October 2019
- 1.8 14 October 2019
- 1.9 13 October 2019
- 1.10 12 October 2019
- 1.11 11 October 2019
- 1.12 10 October 2019
- 1.13 9 October 2019
- 1.14 8 October 2019
- 1.15 7 October 2019
- 1.16 6 October 2019
- 1.17 5 October 2019
- 1.18 4 October 2019
- 1.19 3 October 2019
- 1.20 2 October 2019
- 1.21 1 October 2019
Did you know...
21 October 2019
- 00:00, 21 October 2019 (UTC)
- ... that Franz Halder (pictured), a former chief of staff of Nazi Germany's army, was the only German to be decorated by both Adolf Hitler and an American president?
- ... that at 2.5 miles (4.0 km), New York City's South Beach Boardwalk was cited as the fourth longest boardwalk in the world in 2010?
- ... that medical researcher Shuping Wang may have saved tens of thousands of lives by defying authorities and exposing an HIV/AIDS scandal in China?
- ... that two years after going on the air, WBCE radio switched from country to gospel music because too many stations in western Kentucky had country formats?
- ... that Lee Eun-soo was South Korea's seventh female general officer and the first in the legal branch?
- ... that at the 2019 China Championship, Judd Trump's fifteen-match and six-month winning streak was broken when he was defeated by Joe Perry?
- ... that Gujarati writer Rambha Gandhi wrote and participated in more than 400 radio plays?
- ... that the 1977 fantasy novel The Faggots & Their Friends Between Revolutions was originally planned as a children's book?
20 October 2019
- 00:00, 20 October 2019 (UTC)
- ... that in 1959, an estimated 700 people on the ground were saved when Ensign Albert Hickman stayed with his crippled aircraft (type pictured)?
- ... that Divyansh Singh Panwar won four medals at the 2019 Shooting World Cup, two years after his father became worried by his "PUBG addiction" and sent him to New Delhi to train?
- ... that a contributing factor to the demise of black radio station KOJC in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, was an internal struggle among its board of directors?
- ... that Werner Haseleu appeared as Moses in Schoenberg's Moses und Aron at the Staatsoper Dresden, and as Holofernes in the world premiere of Judith by Siegfried Matthus at the Berlin State Opera?
- ... that Sevastopol had no official coat of arms from 1917 until 1969, but two official coats of arms from 1993 until 2000?
- ... that Kang Woo-kyu hid a grenade between his legs to pass through the Russian–Japanese border and try to assassinate the Japanese governor-general of Korea?
- ... that to create the Great Northumberland Forest, up to a million trees are due to be planted between 2020 and 2024?
- ... that William S. White took a two month break from The New York Times to write the book that won the 1955 Pulitzer Prize for Biography or Autobiography?
19 October 2019
- 00:00, 19 October 2019 (UTC)
- ... that when pianist Clara Wieck (pictured with the score) composed her Piano Concerto in A minor as a teenager, her future husband Robert Schumann helped with the orchestration?
- ... that Yu Zhenwu piloted the first successful flight of China's first indigenously designed jet aircraft and, decades later, became Commander of the People's Liberation Army Air Force?
- ... that the annual charity radiothon at Wyoming high school radio station KYDZ was commended by a thank-you letter from President Ronald Reagan?
- ... that after drug cartel member Raúl Alberto Trejo Benavides was killed in a shootout, his comrades tried to fabricate a suicide?
- ... that in 1916, three members of a military band were killed in action during the Battle of Columbus in New Mexico?
- ... that according to dietician Amy Brown, a researcher of social barriers to breastfeeding, smacking children is acceptable to more British people than breastfeeding in public?
- ... that satellites in a geostationary orbit appear stationary in the sky to a ground observer?
- ... that surgeon Robert N. McClelland tried to save the lives of both John F. Kennedy and his assassin?
18 October 2019
- 00:00, 18 October 2019 (UTC)
- ... that Hannah Simpson Grant (pictured), mother of U.S. president Ulysses S. Grant, did not attend her son's inauguration?
- ... that Litsy is similar to Twitter and Instagram, but is only for books?
- ... that property developer Edoardo Mapelli Mozzi, fiancé of Princess Beatrice of York, co-founded a charity in Rwanda that aims to use cricket to foster social change?
- ... that the cause of the decline in hornleaf riverweed, a foundation species in swift-flowing rivers in North America, is unclear?
- ... that pediatric oncologist Brigid Leventhal was one of only six women in her graduating class from Harvard Medical School in 1960?
- ... that Shaun Murphy pulled out of the 2019 Paul Hunter Classic snooker tournament after injuring his leg dancing to Disney's Greatest Hits?
- ... that the construction of New York City's Tweed Courthouse, prolonged over 20 years, has been called "a classic in the annals of American graft"?
- ... that tenor Thomas Mohr, who has sung the roles of Loge, Siegmund, and Siegfried in Der Ring in Minden, hosts concerts in his cowshed?
17 October 2019
- 00:00, 17 October 2019 (UTC)
- ... that in 2011, Nitehawk Cinema (pictured) successfully lobbied to overturn a Prohibition-era liquor law that prevented movie theaters in New York from serving alcohol?
- ... that tenor Enea Scala has appeared in roles by Rossini, most recently in the title role of Otello, an opera which requires at least five tenors?
- ... that the U.S. Armed Forces created Female Engagement Teams to interact with women in Afghanistan?
- ... that Georg Forster's 1777 report A Voyage Round the World, about the second voyage of James Cook, was not reprinted in English for nearly two centuries?
- ... that Arizona Cardinals offensive tackle Brett Toth was the first Army Black Knights football player to play in the Senior Bowl?
- ... that the naked-rumped tomb bat is among a number of species of bat that roost in different parts of the Karnak Temple Complex in Egypt?
- ... that 19th-century Scottish heiress and philanthropist Margaret Macpherson Grant died, aged 42, shortly after her female partner had abandoned her to marry a man?
- ... that more than 4 million videos on TikTok feature the song "Mia Khalifa" – also known as the "Hit or Miss" song – even though the app had not licensed its use and has never paid the artists?
16 October 2019
- 00:00, 16 October 2019 (UTC)
- ... that in his youth, Finnish Skolt singer Jaakko Gauriloff (pictured) was called "the James Dean of Nellim" and "the world's northernmost schlager singer"?
- ... that the Bissinger Wool Pullery processed dead sheep?
- ... that governors Liu Tianfu and Liang Lingguang were both considered reform pioneers who propelled the economic development of Guangdong in the 1980s?
- ... that radio station WPSA at Paul Smith's College began life in the basement of a dormitory that had previously been a meat market?
- ... that the nave entrance doors of St Rufus Church in Keith, Moray, Scotland, incorporate a two-sided memorial to the First and Second World Wars?
- ... that in Among the Lost, a 2018 novel by Mexican author Emiliano Monge, the victims of human trafficking are described in language borrowed from Dante's Inferno and the testimony of real-life people?
- ... that Julie Dretzin has narrated audiobooks using Russian accents for some characters and Maine accents for others?
- ... that Hildegarde had a bat, a mouse and a shrew named in her honour?
15 October 2019
- 00:00, 15 October 2019 (UTC)
- ... that adult apple maggot flies (example pictured) use their wing patterns defensively to mimic spiders?
- ... that Celia Harvey has been a countess, a lecturer, a parliamentary candidate, and a British Army brigadier?
- ... that today's Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force Fleet Review was canceled due to Typhoon Hagibis?
- ... that Hans Riemer went from being a prisoner of war in 1945 to President of Austria's Bundesrat in 1955?
- ... that the Archer Avenue subway took 16 years to finish, was completed at a cost of nearly five times its original budget, and was cut back to a fraction of its original length?
- ... that the Australian Aboriginal community of Ali Curung is named after the nearby ancestral Alekarenge ("dingo-associated") Dreaming sites?
- ... that the murder of Chicago alderman Benjamin F. Lewis was considered unsolvable for having too many suspects?
- ... that a tournament in which a goat is awarded as the top prize was used by the selectors of India's Special Area Games Scheme to scout for field hockey players?
14 October 2019
- 00:00, 14 October 2019 (UTC)
- ... that a discourse given by the Buddha to his only son, Rāhula (depiction shown), became one of the seven Buddhist texts recommended for study in the inscriptions of Emperor Aśoka?
- ... that Sheila Heaney, director of the Women's Royal Army Corps, visited the United States in 1972 to study how women were being integrated into the U.S. Army?
- ... that Narendra Modi's experiences in dealing with the after-effects of the 2001 Gujarat earthquake led him to propose the Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure?
- ... that Harry Caray called his first Major League Baseball game on radio station WTMV in the St. Louis area?
- ... that Chinese admiral Wei Jinshan was awarded the Medal of Honour by President Xi Jinping and the Order of the National Flag by North Korea?
- ... that Fort George Amusement Park, which featured roller coasters, carousels, and Ferris wheels, was in Upper Manhattan in a locality once referred to as "Harlem's Coney Island"?
- ... that Swiss pediatrician Heinrich Willi was among the first to recognise the potential of bone marrow aspiration as a diagnostic technique?
- ... that the Colombian television series Bolívar used 6,000 extras?
13 October 2019
- 00:00, 13 October 2019 (UTC)
- ... that Lisa Gordon-Hagerty (pictured), head of the U.S. National Nuclear Security Administration, once said, "I have more important things to do than advise Nicole Kidman"?
- ... that the Northern Ireland Assembly has not sat for more than two years, partly because of disagreements over an Irish Language Act?
- ... that suspected drug lord Raúl Hernández Barrón claimed to be a policeman to avoid being arrested?
- ... that Kylie Minogue was dropped as an act by Geffen Records after her 1989 album Enjoy Yourself failed to find an audience in the United States?
- ... that Nadja Malacrida said in a Vim advertisement that it was "no use having new ideas of decoration if you have old ideas of dirt"?
- ... that KTKN in Ketchikan, Alaska, was one of just six new radio stations authorized in the United States in 1942, due to a wartime freeze order?
- ... that Song Myung-soon was the first woman South Korean army general from a combat arm?
- ... that at the 2010 World Team Championship pool event, a first-to-six- playoff match was won by Daryl Peach after 52 racks?
12 October 2019
- 00:00, 12 October 2019 (UTC)
- ... that writing lines (example pictured), as cartoon character Bart Simpson does on a chalkboard, has survived even as other forms of school discipline have fallen out of favour?
- ... that it took more than 5,000 Philippine soldiers with land, air, and sea support, as well as millions of pesos, to end the uprising of Hadji Kamlon?
- ... that the character of Felicity Smoak, from The CW's Arrowverse franchise, first appeared in the DC Comics series The Fury of Firestorm in 1984?
- ... that the surgeon Ian Scott Smillie, president of the International Society of the Knee, wrote a book about deer stalking in Scotland?
- ... that courts and legal scholars in some countries have expressed support for the idea that even a properly ratified constitutional amendment can be unconstitutional?
- ... that although Yū Sasahara dreamed of becoming a singer as a child, her father persuaded her to pursue a career in voice acting instead?
- ... that KLLT in Grants, New Mexico, went off the air because the United States Forest Service refused to let the station build a tower on Mount Taylor to improve its coverage?
- ... that after reforming the army of the Sasanian Empire, the officer Babak is said to have insisted that King Khosrow I wear his armor and participate in the military parade like all the other warriors?
11 October 2019
- 00:00, 11 October 2019 (UTC)
- ... that in 1945, a group of London medical students (pictured) travelled to Bergen-Belsen concentration camp to treat the survivors?
- ... that American historian Susan L. Mann won the Fairbank Prize for exploring the roles of elite women and same-sex social relationships in Chinese history?
- ... that up to 60,000 people were displaced during the War of the Peters?
- ... that Jimmy Sham, convener of Civil Human Rights Front, helped organize several protest marches against the Hong Kong government's proposed extradition amendment bill?
- ... that for a time, subway riders exiting the Fifth Avenue/53rd Street station in the evening could find themselves trapped behind a locked gate?
- ... that Ester Peony, Romania's representative at the Eurovision Song Contest 2019, spent part of her early life in Canada?
- ... that in its first decade as an educational radio station, KSLH produced 2,878 fifteen-minute programs for St. Louis-area school students?
- ... that the female garden symphylan stores sperm in its mouth?
10 October 2019
- 00:00, 10 October 2019 (UTC)
- ... that choreographer Margaret Barr created more than 80 works (example pictured), inspired by subjects such as Mahatma Gandhi, Margaret Mead, drought, and the Melbourne Cup?
- ... that birds nest in the Quelccaya Ice Cap of Peru?
- ... that Deng Hongkui and Chen Hu were the first to use CRISPR gene editing on an HIV patient?
- ... that the upper level of New York's 63rd Street Tunnel took 20 years to open, while the lower level is still under construction after nearly half a century?
- ... that Polish entomologist Sergiusz Toll amassed a collection of about 8,000 bird eggs and 12,000 butterflies and moths while in Bydgoszcz?
- ... that a snake chased a mouse into the transmitter of Nebraska radio station KWRV in 1962, knocking it off the air for two hours?
- ... that despite the party's anti-smoking faction, the Sturmabteilung was funded by a Nazi cigarette company?
- ... that Jane Eskind was the first woman to win a statewide election in Tennessee?
- ... that the Free School Under the Bridge in Delhi uses a metro bridge as its roof and blackboards painted on the wall of a depot?
9 October 2019
- 00:00, 9 October 2019 (UTC)
- ... that the red dresses (example pictured) in Jaime Black's REDress Project represent the missing and murdered Indigenous women of Canada and the United States?
- ... that Peter Palitzsch was called to the Berliner Ensemble as a graphic designer, and went on to stage many of Brecht's plays internationally?
- ... that speedrunning robot TASBot made a Skype call in The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past?
- ... that professor of English Alice D. Snyder helped lead the campaign that earned women in New York the right to vote?
- ... that the Sheepscar tannery, run by John Joseph Willson of the Willson Group of artists in Leeds, England, was at one time the largest in the country?
- ... that Swedish actress Lotta Ramel portrayed her real-life mother, actress Susanna Ramel, in the film Ted: För kärlekens skull?
- ... that the Dairy in Central Park was designed to offer board games and sell milk to park guests?
- ... that in 2016, Ben Challacombe performed the UK's first live broadcast of the robotic removal of part of a kidney?
8 October 2019
- 00:00, 8 October 2019 (UTC)
- ... that after 1.5 million rounds played over the history of the PGA Tour, the first 58 was shot by Jim Furyk (pictured)?
- ... that director Avi Belkin said the title of his 2019 documentary Mike Wallace Is Here once constituted "the four most-dreaded words in the English language"?
- ... that after leading a failed rebellion in his native Morocco, Uthman ibn Abi al-Ula led the Volunteers of the Faith in Granada, where he became a major political figure?
- ... that Scottish poet Sorley MacLean once called upon the Red Army to invade his homeland?
- ... that the sexual characteristics of the Hollow Dogū, a National Treasure of Japan, are so mixed that the Jōmon figurine has been said to "transcend gender"?
- ... that in 1945, London medical student John Hancock's studies were interrupted when he contracted typhus in Bergen-Belsen concentration camp?
- ... that electric moped sharing company Revel deposited 1,000 new mopeds on New York City streets in the space of a week?
- ... that Erland Erlandson became the first known European to cross the Labrador Peninsula from the Hudson Strait to the Atlantic coast when his guides misled him?
7 October 2019
- 00:00, 7 October 2019 (UTC)
- ... that Russian vice-admiral Vladimir Kasatonov has been involved in crew search-and-rescue operations for three submarines: K-219 (pictured), Komsomolets, and Kursk?
- ... that the use of team orders by Ferrari to determine the winner of the 2002 Austrian Grand Prix led to a ban on the practice in Formula One from 2003 to 2010?
- ... that when Marie-Thérèse Gauley premiered the title role of Ravel's opera L'enfant et les sortilèges, he praised both her acting and her "ravishing voice"?
- ... that according to one historian, the Battle of Babylon Hill was "more muddle than battle"?
- ... that prior to becoming acting President of Georgetown College, Joseph A. Lopez was chaplain to the imperial family of Mexico?
- ... that with the sign-ons of KWCS-TV, KOET, KUSU-TV, and KBYU-TV, Utah had more educational TV stations than commercial ones by 1966?
- ... that in 1881, Kate Dover killed Thomas Skinner by cooking him a roast dinner with arsenic in the stuffing, but was not convicted of murder?
- ... that the correct spelling of "liliifolia" in the name of the orchid Liparis liliifolia has been debated for decades?
6 October 2019
- 00:00, 6 October 2019 (UTC)
- ... that a review of the London Group's 1936 exhibition noted that many works seemed "perverse and downright silly", but those by Ruth Doggett (portrait shown) formed "welcome oases of sense and sensibility"?
- ... that larvae of the drain fly can be found in trickling filter systems used to process sewage?
- ... that handicapped army veteran Ma Ning became a pilot and later Commander of the Chinese Air Force after being inspired by a novel about a double amputee flying ace?
- ... that New York City Inferno, a 1978 gay pornography film, features a licensed soundtrack by the Village People?
- ... that Nurul Alam Chowdhury was the youngest MP in the first parliament of Bangladesh?
- ... that the Colorado National Guard's 117th Space Battalion is nicknamed the "Space Cowboys"?
- ... that Joseph Dancis and his colleagues discovered the cause of maple syrup urine disease?
- ... that the 2019 film Ask Dr. Ruth features Holocaust survivor Ruth Westheimer reflecting on her career as a sex therapist?
5 October 2019
- 00:00, 5 October 2019 (UTC)
- ... that John Shelton Reed wrote that barbecue spaghetti (pictured) "is to spaghetti Bolognese as Cincinnati chili is to the Tex-Mex variety"?
- ... that under the governorship of Ye Xuanping, Guangdong grew economically prosperous and increased its independence from Beijing, earning him the nickname "Emperor of the South"?
- ... that the director of the film The VelociPastor thought of the idea when his phone autocorrected "Velociraptor" to "Veloci Pastor"?
- ... that temperance activist Sarah Robinson visited brothels in an attempt to improve the health of prostitutes and their clients?
- ... that the nudibranch Tritoniella belli is avoided by several predatory starfishes but is inefficiently preyed on by the sea anemone Isotealia antarctica?
- ... that the Irish Occupied Territories Bill would make doing business with Israeli settlers punishable by fines of up to €250,000 and up to five years in prison?
- ... that John Cooper is the first political candidate to defeat an incumbent mayor of Nashville since the city consolidated with Davidson County, Tennessee?
- ... that the Women's Defence Relief Corps trained British women to fight during the First World War?
4 October 2019
- 00:00, 4 October 2019 (UTC)
- ... that the occupation of the Stasi district headquarters and Stasi prison (pictured) in Erfurt was a milestone in the Peaceful Revolution?
- ... that television producer J. Michael Mendel won three Primetime Emmy Awards for The Simpsons and another for Rick and Morty?
- ... that Walter Burkert described the conclusion on Greek mythology in The Homeric Gods as a "sublime private religion"?
- ... that Edgardo Labella, the mayor of Cebu City, survived the 1998 sinking of a passenger ferry during Typhoon Vicki, staying afloat for 36 hours in a life vest?
- ... that the New York City neighborhood of Mill Basin, once a desolate swampland, now contains multi-million-dollar homes?
- ... that Elizabeth, Lady Echlin, a correspondent of the author, wrote a revised ending to Samuel Richardson's Clarissa in which the rape that was central to the original version is averted?
- ... that the Samsung Galaxy Fit smartwatch can be charged wirelessly through near-field communication?
- ... that footballer Tom Farquharson was believed to carry a gun in his kitbag?
3 October 2019
- 00:00, 3 October 2019 (UTC)
- ... that in 1863, Captain Joseph LaBarge (pictured) made a trip up and down the Missouri River aboard his steamboat, exceeding existing records for speed and distance?
- ... that the winners of the 2019 World Cup doubles snooker event competed as opponents in the final of the 2019 Six-red World Championship?
- ... that Shadrack Frimpong started a communal cocoa farm in Ghana, where villagers could work in exchange for free tuition at an all-girls school?
- ... that drunk driving is among the most common alcohol-related crimes in the United States?
- ... that according to Robert Mueller, who investigated foreign interference in the 2016 US presidential election, foreign interference in the 2020 US elections is ongoing?
- ... that French Resistance agent Jeannette Guyot was one of only two women to be awarded America's second highest military honour during World War II?
- ... that Steve Wozniak's Integer BASIC was so fast in the Rugg/Feldman benchmarks that Bill Gates complained?
- ... that Cardiff City F.C. founder Bartley Wilson's headstone was discovered in bushes near his grave, which had lain unmarked for more than 40 years?
2 October 2019
- 00:00, 2 October 2019 (UTC)
- ... that the U.S. Army's Military Intelligence Corps Band (pictured) had a jazz ensemble known as the Cannonball Combo in tribute to Cannonball Adderley, a former U.S. Army trumpet player?
- ... that Avinash Sable went from running 6 km (3.7 mi) to and from school at age six to running the 3000 metres steeplechase at the 2019 World Athletics Championships?
- ... that the novel The Ten Thousand Things, earlier rejected by 44 publishers, won the Walter Scott Prize?
- ... that B. M. Kutty was called to a meeting with Pakistani prime minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto after writing him a letter from prison?
- ... that New York City's Rockaways' Playland amusement park was closed because of an eightfold increase in insurance premiums?
- ... that Adele Zay successfully led a campaign in 1894 for Transylvanian authorities to recognize kindergarten and handicraft teachers so that they were entitled to pensions?
- ... that the waniguchi gong is named after its resemblance to the mouth of a crocodile or alligator?
- ... that Swiss athlete Bibi Torriani was the first ice hockey player to recite the Olympic Oath?
1 October 2019
- 00:00, 1 October 2019 (UTC)
- ... that a monumental euro-sign sculpture (pictured) is installed at the Willy-Brandt-Platz in Frankfurt, which was named in 1992 after the former chancellor?
- ... that Finland's minister of science and culture Hanna Kosonen is a world champion in ski orienteering?
- ... that falguera, a plant known from only one valley in Spain, is threatened by rock climbers and by road maintenance?
- ... that after the U.S. Supreme Court struck down its racial quotas, the management of Starrett City left apartments empty, in an attempt to rent them at market rate, instead of renting them to black and Hispanic families?
- ... that a few months after Lü Peijian was appointed China's auditor general, he announced the discovery of more than US$1.6 billion worth of tax evasion, fraud, and waste?
- ... that the silk made by webspinners is produced from glands on their forelegs?
- ... that before he wrote Areyo Hoshikuzu, a manga about demobilized soldiers in occupied Japan, series creator Sansuke Yamada was best known as a gay manga artist?
- ... that funeral dinners are regularly attended by up to a quarter of the residents in Darrington, Washington?
- ... that the Jewish Democratic Committee and the Romanian Communist Party together sent Romanian Jews to Israel, hoping to make it a communist ally?
- ... that Patricia Swallow led the Wrens, served on the Heron, and was vice president of the Royal Naval Bird Watching Society?