List of metropolitan areas by population

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One concept which measures the world's largest cities is that of the metropolitan area, which is based on the concept of a labor market area and is typically defined as an employment core (an area with a high density of available jobs) and the surrounding areas that have strong commuting ties to the core. There is currently no generally accepted, globally consistent definition of exactly what constitutes a metropolitan area, thus making comparisons between cities in different countries especially difficult. However, for consistency, the sources on this article include official figures from governments only.

As an alternative to the metropolitan area, Eurostat introduced the concept of the Larger Urban Zone in 2004.[1] Similarly, OECD defines Functional Urban Areas for cities in OECD countries.[2] Both Larger Urban Zone and Functional Urban Area define a city as an urban core surrounded by a commuting zone, and so are similar to the general concept of the "metropolitan area". Eurostat only computes Larger Urban Zone populations for European Union member states, candidate members, and European Free Trade Area members. OECD computes Functional Urban Area populations for OECD member states. These two statistics are therefore not available for most developing countries.

List[edit]

Note: Due to a lack of accurate governmental data, this list is incomplete.

Rank Metropolitan Country Continent Official population Year
1 Tokyo  Japan Asia 37,832,892[3] 2016
2 Delhi  India Asia 35,454,000[4] 2018
3 Shanghai  China Asia 34,865,252[5] 2015
4 Jakarta  Indonesia Asia 31,689,592[6] 2015
5 Seoul  South Korea Asia 25,514,000[7] 2016
6 Guangzhou  China Asia 25,000,000[5] 2015
7 Beijing  China Asia 24,900,000[5] 2015
8 Manila  Philippines Asia 24,650,000[8] 2018
9 New York City  United States North America 23,876,155[9] 2017
10 Shenzhen  China Asia 23,300,000[5] 2015
11 Mexico City  Mexico North America 21,650,668[10] 2017
12 São Paulo  Brazil South America 21,242,939[11] 2016
13 Lagos  Nigeria Africa 21,000,000[12] 2014
14 Mumbai  India Asia 20,748,395[4] 2011
15 Cairo  Egypt Africa 20,500,000[13] 2012
16 Keihanshin (Kyoto-Osaka-Kobe)  Japan Asia 19,342,000[3] 2010
17 Wuhan  China Asia 19,000,000[5] 2015
18 Los Angeles  United States North America 18,788,800[9] 2017
19 Chengdu  China Asia 18,100,000[5] 2015
20 Dhaka  Bangladesh Asia 17,151,925[14] 2011
21 Chongqing  China Asia 17,000,000[5] 2015
22 Karachi  Pakistan Asia 16,900,000[15] 2018
23 Moscow  Russia Europe 16,855,000[8] 2018
24 Tianjin  China Asia 15,400,000[5] 2015
25 Istanbul  Turkey Europe 15,029,231[16] 2017
26 Bangkok  Thailand Asia 14,626,225[17] 2010
27 Kolkata  India Asia 14,617,882[4] 2011
28 Tehran  Iran Asia 14,595,904[18] 2011
29 London  United Kingdom Europe 14,187,146[19] 2016
30 Hangzhou  China Asia 13,400,000[5] 2015
31 Surabaya  Indonesia Asia 13,123,948[20] 2015
32 Buenos Aires  Argentina South America 13,074,000[21] 2010
33 Xi'an  China Asia 12,900,000[5] 2015
34 Paris  France Europe 12,532,901[22] 2015
35 Bangalore  India Asia 12,517,749[4] 2018
36 Changzhou  China Asia 12,400,000[5] 2015
37 Kinshasa  Democratic Republic of the Congo Africa 12,350,000[8] 2018
38 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil South America 12,330,186[11] 2016
39 Shantou  China Asia 12,000,000[5] 2015
40 Nanjing  China Asia 11,700,000[5] 2015
41 Rhine-Ruhr  Germany Europe 11,471,732[23] 2006
42 Lahore  Pakistan Asia 11,070,000[8] 2018
43 Jinan  China Asia 11,000,000[5] 2015
44 Chennai  India Asia 10,555,000[8] 2018
45 Harbin  China Asia 10,500,000[5] 2015
46 Chicago  United States North America 9,901,711[9] 2017
47 Lima  Peru South America 9,886,647[24] 2015
48 Washington, D.C. - Baltimore  United States North America 9,764,315[9] 2017
49 Zhengzhou  China Asia 9,700,000[5] 2015
50 Johannesburg  South Africa Africa 9,616,000[25] 2016
51 Qingdao  China Asia 9,600,000[5] 2015
52 Bogotá  Colombia South America 9,286,225[26] 2015
53 Chūkyō (Nagoya)  Japan Asia 9,107,000[3] 2010
56 Bandung  Indonesia Asia 8,495,928[20] 2014
57 Boston  United States North America 8,233,270[9] 2017
58 Randstad  Netherlands Europe 8,219,380[27] 2016
59 Busan  South Korea Asia 8,202,239[28] 2014
60 Milan  Italy Europe 8,173,176[29] 2017
61 Dallas-Fort Worth  United States North America 7,846,293[9] 2017
62 Hyderabad  India Asia 7,749,334[4] 2011
63 Riyadh  Saudi Arabia Asia 7,739,570[30] 2016
64 Shenyang  China Asia 7,700,000[5] 2015
65 Wenzhou  China Asia 7,600,000[5] 2015
66 Pune  India Asia 7,541,946[4] 2011
67 Hong Kong  Hong Kong Asia 7,409,800[31] 2017
68 Nanchang  China Asia 7,400,000[5] 2015
69 Yangon  Myanmar Asia 7,360,703[32] 2014
70 Philadelphia  United States North America 7,206,807[9] 2017
71 Houston  United States North America 7,093,190[9] 2017
72 Taipei–Keelung  Taiwan Asia 7,045,488[33] 2013
73 Miami  United States North America 6,828,241[9] 2017
74 Santiago  Chile South America 6,683,852[34] 2012
75 Atlanta  United States North America 6,555,956[9] 2017
76 Luanda  Angola Africa 6,542,944[35] 2014
77 Madrid  Spain Europe 6,424,275[19] 2016
78 Ahmedabad  India Asia 6,352,254[4] 2011
79 Saint Petersburg  Russia Europe 6,200,000[36][circular reference] 2015
80 Berlin/Brandenburg  Germany Europe 6,004,857[37] 2015
81 Toronto  Canada North America 5,928,040[38] 2016
82 Munich  Germany Europe 5,900,000[39][37] 2014
83 Belo Horizonte  Brazil South America 5,873,841[11] 2016
84 Kanpur  India Asia 5,873,588[40] 2011
85 Frankfurt Rhine-Main  Germany Europe 5,821,523[41] 2015
86 Singapore  Singapore Asia 5,535,000[42] 2015
87 Barcelona  Spain Europe 5,445,904[19] 2016
88 Ankara  Turkey Asia 5,346,518[16] 2016
89 Detroit  United States North America 5,336,286[9] 2017
90 Caracas  Venezuela South America 5,322,310[43][44] 2015
91 Dubai-Sharjah-Ajman  United Arab Emirates Asia 5,300,000[45] 2015
92 Stuttgart  Germany Europe 5,300,000[46][37] 2015
93 Hamburg  Germany Europe 5,100,000[37] 2015
94 Sydney  Australia Oceania 5,005,400[47] 2016
95 Guadalajara  Mexico North America 4,909,287[10] 2017
96 Alexandria  Egypt Africa 4,778,000[48] 2015
96 Seattle  United States North America 4,764,736[9] 2017
97 Phoenix  United States North America 4,737,270[9] 2017
97 Bay Bidness Yee  United States North America 4,727,357[9] 2017
98 Melbourne  Australia Oceania 4,641,636[49] 2016
99 Monterrey  Mexico North America 4,603,254[10] 2017
100 Minneapolis-St. Paul  United States North America 4,597,883[9] 2017

See also[edit]

Lists of metropolitan areas by region[edit]

Lists of metropolitan areas by country or region[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]