List of largest suburbs by population

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Largest suburbs worldwide (excluding mainland China)[edit]

The following is a table of the largest incorporated suburbs worldwide, with over 700,000 people.

A suburb here is defined as subordinate to a central city from a business or infrastructure sense, and it may or may not have more population than the central city due to arbitrary municipal definitions.

Excluded are transborder agglomerations. In the Pop date column, C stands for census, P for provisional result, E for estimate. Although the list is ordered by population for ease of reference, the figures are not comparable with each other due to differing dates and lack of updates by respective countries.

Caveats[edit]

  • Cities in mainland China are often defined as prefectures or counties, for the sake of simplicity they are listed in a separate list as explained in the respective section.
  • A similar scenario applies to Taichung, Taoyuan, New Taipei, Tainan and Kaohsiung in Taiwan after they merged with their respective surrounding suburb counties in December 2010, thus becoming direct-controlled municipalities.
  • City of Pretoria in South Africa is exceedingly large at 6,298 km2, and as a national capital, hard to determine which is the core and suburb between Johannesburg and the capital. Therefore, it is excluded here.
  • Malaysia has multiple types of local government, which confusingly overlap as the system was partially but not completely overhauled.
  • Local data is woefully outdated for many of the poorest nations.
Rank City Population Pop date Metropolitan area Nation
1 Giza 8,800,000 2017C Greater Cairo  Egypt[1]
2 New Taipei City 3,979,208 2016E Taipei  Taiwan[2]
3 Yokohama 3,733,975 2017E Tokyo  Japan[3]
4 Ekurhuleni 3,379,104 2016E Johannesburg  South Africa[4]
5 Incheon 3,002,172 2016E Seoul  South Korea[5]
6 Quezon City 2,936,116 2015C Manila  Philippines[6]
7 Bekasi 2,714,800 2015E Greater Jakarta  Indonesia[7]
8 Ghaziabad 2,358,525 2011C Delhi NCR  India[8]
9 Taoyuan 2,147,763 2016E Taipei  Taiwan[2]
10 La Matanza 2,136,695 2017P Buenos Aires  Argentina[9]
11 Depok 2,106,100 2014E Greater Jakarta  Indonesia[7]
12 Tangerang 2,047,105 2015E Greater Jakarta  Indonesia[10]
13 Omdurman 1,849,659 2008C Khartoum  Sudan[11]
14 Thane 1,818,872 2011C Mumbai Metropolitan Region  India[8]
15 Pimpri-Chinchwad 1,729,359 2011C Pune  India[8]
16 Ecatepec de Morelos 1,685,806 2010C Mexico City  Mexico[12]
17 Matola 1,616,267 2017C Maputo  Mozambique[13]
18 Karaj 1,592,492 2016C Greater Tehran  Iran[14]
19 Caloocan 1,583,978 2015C Manila  Philippines[6]
20 Narayanganj 1,572,386 2012C Greater Dhaka  Bangladesh
21 South Tangerang 1,543,209 2015E Greater Jakarta  Indonesia[10]
22 Kobe City 1,533,923 2017E Osaka  Japan[3]
23 Gurgaon 1,514,085 2011C Delhi NCR  India[8]
24 Kawasaki 1,501,697 2017E Tokyo  Japan[3]
25 Faridabad 1,404,653 2011C Delhi/NCR  India[8]
26 Guarulhos 1,324,781 2015E São Paulo  Brazil[15]
27 Saitama City 1,283,547 2017E Tokyo  Japan[3]
28 Sharjah 1,270,000 2015C Dubai-Sharjah-Ajman metropolitan area  United Arab Emirates[16]
28 Kalyan-Dombivali 1,246,381 2011C Mumbai Metropolitan Region  India[8]
29 Suwon 1,231,224 2016E Seoul  South Korea[5]
30 Vasai-Virar 1,221,223 2011C Mumbai Metropolitan Region  India[8]
31 Ulsan 1,195,781 2016E Busan-Ulsan  South Korea[5]
32 Gazipur 1,199,215 2011C Greater Dhaka  Bangladesh
33 Zapopan 1,155,790 2010C Guadalajara  Mexico[12]
34 Navi Mumbai 1,119,477 2011C Mumbai Metropolitan Region  India[8]
35 Ciudad Nezahualcóyotl 1,110,565 2010C Mexico City  Mexico[12]
36 Changwon 1,080,133 2016E Busan-Ulsan  South Korea[5]
37 Howrah 1,072,161 2011C Kolkata  India[8]
38 Goyang 1,051,590 2016E Seoul  South Korea[5]
39 Bogor 1,047,900 2015E Greater Jakarta  Indonesia[7]
40 São Gonçalo 1,038,081 2015E Rio de Janeiro  Brazil[15]
41 Shubra El-Kheima 1,016,722 2006C Cairo  Egypt
42 Callao 1,010,315 2015E Greater Lima  Peru[17]
43 Khartoum North 1,012,211 2008C Khartoum  Sudan[11]
44 Yongin 1,008,012 2016E Seoul  South Korea[5]
45 Seongnam 992,159 2016E Seoul  South Korea[5]
46 Chiba City 974,943 2017E Tokyo  Japan[3]
47 El Alto 912,206 2017E Greater La Paz  Bolivia[18]
48 Hawalli 911,274 2014E Kuwait City  Kuwait[19]
49 Santo Domingo Este 891,952 2017E Santo Domingo  Dominican Republic[20]
50 Salé 890,403 2014C Rabat  Morocco[21]
51 Duque de Caxias 882,729 2015E Rio de Janeiro  Brazil[15]
52 Bucheon 871,785 2016E Seoul  South Korea[5]
53 Sakai 835,308 2017E Osaka  Japan[3]
54 Naucalpan de Juárez 833,779 2010C Mexico City  Mexico[12]
55 Seberang Perai 818,197 2010C Penang  Malaysia[22]
55 São Bernardo do Campo 816,925 2015E São Paulo  Brazil[15]
56 Farwaniya 816,015 2015E Kuwait City  Kuwait[19]
57 Mira-Bhayander 814,655 2011C Mumbai Metropolitan Region  India[8]
58 Nova Iguaçu 807,492 2015E Rio de Janeiro  Brazil[15]
59 Taguig 804,915 2015C Manila  Philippines[6]
60 Kajang 795,522 2010C Greater Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia[22]
61 Antipolo 776,386 2015C Manila  Philippines[6]
62 Hempstead 770,367 2016C New York City  USA[23]
63 Ansan 744,356 2016E Seoul  South Korea[5]
64 Pasig 755,300 2015C Manila  Philippines[6]
65 Noida/Greater Noida 750,057 2011C Delhi NCR  India[8]
66 Biên Hòa 749,000 2013E Saigon  Vietnam[24]
67 Klang 744,062 2010C Greater Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia[22]
68 Sagamihara 722,127 2017E Tokyo  Japan[3]
69 Emfuleni 733,445 2016E Johannesburg  South Africa[4]
70 Mississauga 721,599 2016C Greater Toronto Area  Canada[25][26]
71 Bhiwandi 711,329 2011C Mumbai Metropolitan Region  India[8]
72 Santo André 710,210 2015E São Paulo  Brazil[15]
73 Subang Jaya 708,296 2010C Greater Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia[22]

Suburbs in the People's Republic of China[edit]

Cities in the People's Republic of China and Republic of China are often defined in way as prefectures/counties. Their prefecture/county limits often are physically more extensive than entire metropolitan areas, encompassing large rural areas and outright separate cities. "Suburbs" may be located both within the municipality and/or adjacent to it, depending on how the area agglomerated. Some urban districts, as in the case of Wanzhou Urban District in Chongqing Municipality (Province Level), are separated by farmlands from the core metropolitan area and functions as a suburban city in spite of naming.

As to what constitutes a "city" in the PRC, there exist other definitions of city limits are in actual usage, such as combination of several districts where urban area of the central city is dominant, or roads, railways, natural boundaries, or a combination thereof. This is commonly designated by the central statistics bureaus as "urban districts", however some counties are also included, as well as some cities opt for towns rather than counties. Some counties/districts (e.g. Handan County, Handan City(Prefecture level)) are indeed suburbs of their respective central cities (e.g. Congtai, Hanshan, Fuxing districts of Handan City(Prefecture level) are a common definition of true urban area of Handan, although this definition now often also involves Handan County as the city expands).

In the case of Chaoshan Metropolitan Area, Jieyang (Prefecture-level city) urban districts border that of the central city of Shantou (Prefecture-level city), effectively spanning neighboring municipalities. Complicating the matter is the nesting of city structures, as Jieyang municipality itself is a suburb of Shantou, even though Puning city (County level city, and can be a suburb of Shantou) lies within Jieyang's jurisdiction.

Rank City Population Pop date Type Includes Metropolitan area Province/province-level municipality
1 Puning 2,054,703[27] 2010C County-level city within Jieyang entire city (县级市) Greater Chaoshan Guangdong
2 Jieyang 1,899,394[27] 2010C adjacent Prefecture-level city urban districts (市辖区) Greater Chaoshan Guangdong
3 Huilai County 1,097,615[27] 2010C County within Jieyang entire county () Greater Chaoshan Guangdong
4 Wanzhou District 859,662[28] 2010C non contiguous urban district single district (市辖区) Greater Chongqing Chongqing
5 Changshu City 929,124[29] 2010C County-level city within Suzhou Entire city (县级市) Greater Suzhou Jiangsu

References[edit]

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